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APA Citation Guide: Reference List

This guide will provide an overview of APA Citation Style.

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How to Format References

The basic format for a references citation is to include:

  • Author or authors
  • Date of publication (most recent date)
  • Title
  • Publication information - this will vary

Give as much information as you can and leave out anything you don't have.

To create a full citation, you'll need to have both the list of references at the end of your paper and the in text citation in the body of your paper (for most types of sources).

anatomy of an APA reference citation

Basic Structure of an In Text Citation

When you use research in your projects and papers, you have a few choices to make. 

You can either quote or paraphrase from the source.

  1. When you quote, you'll put quotation marks around the exact words that the author has used.
  2. When you paraphrase, you'll summarize or interpret the source in your own words. 

Every time you quote or paraphrase, you'll need to include an in text citation. Here you can make another choice.  

  1. You can put the citation information in the sentence or
  2. in parentheses at the end of the sentence. The examples you find in this guide will show you how to include an in text citation at the end of your quoted or paraphrased sentence. 

To create a full citation, you'll need to have both the list of references at the end of your paper and the in text citation in the body of your paper (for most types of sources).

Anatomy of an APA in text citation

Video Tour of this APA Guide

Templates!

You can download one of our templates! The template will show you where and how to add research to your project.

How to Enroll in the iTunes U APA Writing Style and Citation Guide